Obesity means an excess fat collection in the body. There is always an optimal weight for every age and sex. In obesity, this weight exceeds the upper limit of normal by 30%. The prevalence of obesity has increased sharply especially in the developed countries. Obesity is not just a cosmetic consideration. It is a medical condition associated with illness and disability. It is a metabolic disorder consisting of excessive adiposity (excessive amount of body fat).
Obesity is a harmful condition because it can effectively result in rise of blood pressure, excessive burden of weight on your joints, diabetes, fatty liver, etc.
There are many ways in which a person’s health in relation to their weight can be classified, but the most widely used method is body mass index (BMI).
BMI is a measure of whether you’re a healthy weight for your height. You can use the BMI healthy weight calculator to work out your score.
For most adults:
- BMI of 25 to 29.9 means you are considered overweight
- BMI of 30 to 39.9 means you are considered obese
- BMI of 40 or above means you are considered severely obese
BMI is not used to definitively diagnose obesity – as people who are very muscular sometimes have a high BMI, without excess fat – but for most people, it can be a useful indication of whether they may be overweight.
A better measure of excess fat is waist circumference, and can be used as an additional measure in people who are overweight (with a BMI of 25 to 29.9) or moderately obese (with a BMI of 30 to 34.9).
Generally, men with a waist circumference of 94cm or more and women with a waist circumference of 80cm or more are more likely to develop obesity-related health problems.
Obesity is generally caused by consuming more calories – particularly those in fatty and sugary foods – than you burn off through physical activity. The excess energy is then stored by the body as fat.
Obesity is an increasingly common problem, because many modern lifestyles often promote eating excessive amounts of cheap, high-calorie food and spending a lot of time sitting at desks, on sofas or in cars.
There are many theories explaining what causes obesity.
Genes versus Environment
Identical twins are known to have very identical BMI even when grown apart. However there are many instances where environmental conditions overwhelm the action of genes in obesity..
- Race and Socio-economic conditions
There are four major groups of drugs which can cause obesity: Benzodiazepines, Lithium, Antidepressants, Antipsychotic drugs
- Sulphonyl urea agents (used in treatments of diabetes)
- Medical Conditions
- Endocrine disorders like PCOD
- Underactive thyroid disorder
- Cushing’s syndrome
Optimal treatment plans for obese people consist of :
- Changing diet and behavior
- Introducing Exercise
- Dietary + Life style changes
Homeopathic approach to the treatment of Obesity is targeted towards treating the treatable cause, if any. For example, if obesity is due to hormonal disorders such as Hypothyroidism or PCOD, it calls for the treatment for the same. Besides the treatment, diet habit and exercise schedule form important part of the treatment. There are no standard medicines in homeopathy which can reduce weight and constitutional medicine is again the only medicine given to each individual.