Corns

Corns and calluses are areas of hard, thickened skin that develop when the skin is exposed to excessive pressure or friction. They commonly occur on the feet and can cause pain and discomfort when you walk. Corns and calluses can be annoying, but your body actually forms them to protect sensitive skin. Corns and calluses are often confused with one another.

Corns

Corns generally occur on the tops and sides of the feet. A hard corn is a small patch of thickened, dead skin with a central core. A soft corn has a much thinner surface and usually occurs between the 4th and 5th toes. A seed corn is a tiny, discrete callous that can be very tender if it’s on a weight-bearing part of the foot. Seed corns tend to occur on the bottom of the feet, and some doctors believe this condition is caused by plugged sweat ducts.

Calluses can develop on hands, feet, or anywhere there is repeated friction — even on a violinist’s chin. Like corns, calluses have several variants. The common callus usually occurs when there’s been a lot of rubbing against the hands or feet. A plantar callus is found on the bottom of the foot.

CAUSES OF CORNS

  1. Ill-fitting shoes
  2. High-heeled shoes
  3. Cramped footwear, use of hard footwear, using shoes without socks, etc
  4. Foot deformities: bony projections or poorly united fractures, the presence of a second toe longer than the first toe
  5. Dancing bare feet or wearing uncomfortable shoes
  6. Writers are prone to developing callosities over the middle finger called ‘a writer’s bump’
  7. Weight lifting can cause callosities in the palms of the person
  8. Occupations like hair-dressers, carpentry, boxing, cherry pitting, dancers who perform spins on their backs, jewelry making etc. increase the occurrence of callosities on parts exposed to repeated frictions and pressures
  9. Infants and children who suck their toes or fingers develop callosities over the areas of friction.

Some medical conditions predispose a person to callosities:

  1. Diabetes: chronic diabetes with peripheral neuropathy
  2. Syphilis
  3. Rheumatoid arthritis: abnormal pressure if there is a deformity of the foot
  4. Diseases which affect nerves carrying sensations (sensory neuropathies)
  5. Obesity
  6. Bulimia nervosa
  7. Amputation
  8. Exposure to toxins like arsenic can cause hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles
  9. Certain religious activities like offering prayers by kneeling with hands on forehead give rise to callosities on forehead called ‘prayer calluses’.

SYMPTOMS OF CORNS

  1. Initially, there is thickening of the skin in a small area usually on the foot or hand
  2. There may be itching associated with it
  3. The skin gradually becomes dry
  4. There is usually pain on touching or pressing the affected area
  5. The corn develops like a funnel with a broad, raised top along with a pointed bottom (hare barley)
  6. There is usually no pain or itching associated with calluses

HOW TO PREVENT CORNS

  1. Regular scrubbing with a pumice stone after soaking the feet or callus in warm water can prevent recurrence especially in painless callosities
  2. Dry your feet thoroughly after washing them and apply a special moisturising foot cream (not body lotion)
  3. Uses of proper footwear which distributes weight evenly can prevent the recurrence of callosities

HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT

Homeopathic treatment is targeted towards UPROOTING THE DISEASE and ensuring health with no side effects. For prescribing to an individual, a PLAN OF TREATMENT is followed which involves:

  1. GETTING THOROUGH UNDERSTANDING OF CASE which includes complete case taking (analyzing patient as an individual) along with patient history and family history
  2. DIAGNOSIS OF PATIENT AND DISEASE
  3. INDIVIDUAL ASSESSMENT OF THE CASE
  4. PRESCRIBING THE MOST SUITABLE INDIVIDUAL CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDY

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